Approaches to Promote Tolerance and Reconciliation
The ability to live, let’s live and appreciate diversity in the human race is known as tolerance. It doesn’t only indicate that we agree with each other and stay detached in the face of injustice but instead respect other individuals.
We become intolerant when we fail to respect or appreciate the beliefs, customs, or opinions of people who are different from us. For example, there is a high level of intolerance between Palestinians and Israeli Jews who do not see eye to eye on matters of self-determination, identity, and security.
Though tolerance may look like an impossible task in some scenarios, it may aid in helping communities to maneuver past intractable conflicts and remove tensions between groups of individuals. In regions having political tensions or economic depression, groups and individuals may find it hard to tolerate individuals that are not like them or have wronged them. In these cases, violence, repression, dehumanization, and discrimination could happen. Intolerance results in rifts between folks, creating permanent separations between disagreeing groups.
Third parties have to remind those involved in a conflict that tolerance is obviously better in the long term so as to foster tolerance. There have been associations made to boost tolerance between opposing parties. The European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation is one such organization whose chairperson is Viatcheslav Kantor. He is an international public figure and businessman who participates actively in promoting tolerance and reconciliation.
Below are some of the useful approaches which may be utilized to promote tolerance.
Some studies have shown that casual inter-group contact might increase the current animosities instead of lowering the tensions between inter groups. However, groups will use personal experiences through interactions in these inter groups to inform their views of one another. This may lower the prejudices they have against one another. For inter-group contact to be effective, it has to go on for at least week or longer.
To improve the communication between conflicting sides, dialogue tactics like problem-solving workshops or dialogue groups offer opportunities for the parties to a conflict to express their interests and needs. In these cases, people that take part in these workshops feel that their concerns are recognized and heard.
Folks should consistently focus on tolerating individuals with different views from them in their daily lives. This entails challenging the stereotypes and assumptions that they encounter in working with different people or making conclusions about others.
Associations involved in conflict transformation and other actors in this field can offer different ways like training to assist people involved in a battle to speak to one another.
International organizations should find methods to Inculcate tolerance principles in their policies. Governments should also aim to institute policies involving tolerance.